Tuesday, February 9, 2016

Friday, January 31, 2014

Memories, light the corners of my mind. Those precious conversations with my mother about Grand Pa whom she described as a wisp of a man. Joe T. Faison. Grandpa Joe was born in 1854 as the embers of slavery were going cold. “ He always s spoke with a fine voice”, she recalled he always had a jolly disposition. We are unsure if he had siblings. We know that his mother was Annie M. Bridges she was born in 1822. Joe married Annie Mae and they had 4 children. Betty Sue was his oldest daughter born prior to his marriage. Fredrick, Solomon, John and Aggie they have produced a formidable clan. In our genealogy research we are familiar with Hack Faison and Angeline Faison whose parents were Frank and Easter Faison. These relationships are blurred. Joe was a man of firm Faith . He had declared to family members his sentiments. “ I am going home on my birthday”. Just as he said on his that pon his 75th birthday he ssat on the porch and left this world. He had no prior complaints or ailments. Joe decided it was the right time to meet the Lord. My great-grandpa Faison was a lifelong resident of Northampton County, North Carolina in.

Signs of the Times

The American frontier was abuzz with the aftermath of the Nat Turner slave revolt, of 1831 where in nearby Southampton County, Virginia. The 203 mile journey from the Hampton, Va area to Muffreesboro, NC today it is a 3 and a half hour journey that would have taken more than 7-10 days by horseback or on foot. The failed attempt of Turner did not deter John Brown who escaped in 1850 from the Hampton. Escape he did indeed, to take refuge in London and lived to tell his memwiors before his death in 1878. John Brown, Runaway slave Let us look at the timeline of 1854 directly. the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Brown_(fugitive_slave) Newsflash: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=1gfl6rHFUuQ#t=65 • Kansas-Nebraska Act •Meet John Brown
Harriet Tubman From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page semi-protected Harriet Tubman Harriet Tubman by Squyer, NPG, c1885.jpg Harriet Tubman circa 1885 Born Araminta Harriet Ross 1820 Dorchester County, Maryland, U.S. Died March 10, 1913 (aged 93) Auburn, New York, U.S. Cause of death Pneumonia Resting place Fort Hill Cemetery, Auburn, New York, U.S. Residence Auburn, New York, U.S. Other names Minty, Moses Occupation Civil War Nurse, Suffragist, Civil Rights activist Employer Edward Brodess Religion Christian Spouse(s) John Tubman (m.1844–1851) Nelson Davies (1869–1888; his death) Children Gertie (adopted) Parents Harriet Greene Ben Ross Relatives Modesty (grandmother) Linah (sister) Mariah Ritty (sister) Soph (sister) Robert (brother) Ben (brother) Rachel (sister) Henry (brother) Moses (brother) Signature Signature general affidavit of Harriet Tubman (1898), front.jpg Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Harriet Ross; 1820 – March 10, 1913) was an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy during the American Civil War. Born into slavery, Tubman escaped and subsequently made more than nineteen missions to rescue more than 300 slaves[1] using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. She later helped John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry, and in the post-war era struggled for women's suffrage. As a child in Dorchester County, Maryland, Tubman was beaten by masters to whom she was hired out. Early in her life, she suffered a severe head wound when hit by a heavy metal weight. The injury caused disabling seizures, narcoleptic attacks, headaches, and powerful visionary and dream experiences, which occurred throughout her life. A devout Christian, Tubman ascribed the visions and vivid dreams to revelations from God. In 1849, Tubman escaped to Philadelphia, then immediately returned to Maryland to rescue her family. Slowly, one group at a time, she brought relatives out of the state, and eventually guided dozens of other slaves to freedom. Traveling by night, Tubman (or "Moses", as she was called) "never lost a passenger".[2] Large rewards were offered for the return of many of the fugitive slaves, but no one then knew that Tubman was the one helping them. When the Southern-dominated Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, requiring law officials in free states to aid efforts to recapture slaves, she helped guide fugitives to present-day Southern Ontario, mainly St. Catharines, in the Niagara region. There, the historic Province of Upper

Thursday, January 30, 2014

The Narrative

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) testing Map of human migration out of Africa, according to Mitochondrial DNA. The numbers represent thousands of years before present time. The blue line represents the area covered in ice or tundra during the last great ice age. The North Pole is at the center. Africa, the center of the start of the migration, is at the top left and South America is at the far right.
A direct maternal ancestor can be traced using mtDNA. MtDNA is passed down by the mother unchanged, to all children. A perfect match is found to another person's mtDNA test results indicates shared recent ancestry. More distant matching to a specific haplogroup or subclade may be linked to a common geographic origin. Some people cite paternal mtDNA transmission as invalidating mtDNA testing,[3] but this has not been found problematic in genealogical DNA testing, nor in scholarly population genetics studies. See the rest of this article. What gets tested
mtDNA, by current conventions, is divided into three regions. They are the coding region (00577-16023) and two Hyper Variable Regions (HVR1 [16024-16569], and HVR2 [00001-00576]).[4] All test results are compared to the mtDNA of a European in Haplogroup H2a2a. This early sample is known as the Cambridge Reference Sequence (CRS). A list of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) is returned. The relatively few "mutations" or "transitions" that are found are then reported simply as differences from the CRS, such as in the examples just below. The two most common mtDNA tests are a sequence of HVR1 and a sequence of both HVR1 and HVR2. Some mtDNA tests may only analyze a partial range in these regions. Some people are now choosing to have a full sequence performed, to maximize their genealogical help. The full sequence is still somewhat controversial because it may reveal medical information.
Y chromosome (Y-DNA) testing
A man's patrilineal ancestry, or male-line ancestry, can be traced using the DNA on his Y chromosome (Y-DNA) through Y-STR testing. This is useful because the Y chromosome passes down almost unchanged from father to son, i.e., the non-recombining and sex-determining regions of the Y chromosome do not change. A man's test results are compared to another man's results to determine the time frame in which the two individuals shared a most recent common ancestor, or MRCA, in their direct patrilineal lines. If their test results are a perfect, or nearly perfect match, they are related within genealogy's time frame.
Each person can then look at the other's father-line information, typically the names of each patrilineal ancestor and his spouse, together with the dates and places of their marriage and of both spouses' births and deaths. This information table will be referred to again within the mtDNA testing section below as the (matrilineal) "information table". The two matched persons may find a common ancestor or MRCA, as well as whatever information the other already has about their joint patrilineal ancestry prior to the MRCA—which might be a big help to one of them.[9] Or if not, both keep trying to extend their patrilineal ancestry further back in time. Each may choose to have their test results included in their surname's "Surname DNA project". And each receives the other's contact information if the other chose to allow this. They may correspond, and may work together in the future on joint research.[10] Women who wish to determine their direct paternal DNA ancestry can ask their father, brother, paternal uncle, paternal grandfather, or a male cousin who shares a common patrilineal ancestry (the same Y-DNA) to take a test for them.
SNP markers Strand 1 differs from strand 2 at a single base pair location (a C → T polymorphism). A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is a change to a single nucleotide in a DNA sequence. The relative mutation rate for an SNP is extremely low. This makes them ideal for marking the history of the human genetic tree. SNPs are named with a letter code and a number. The letter indicates the lab or research team that discovered the SNP. The number indicates the order in which it was discovered. For example, M173 is the 173rd SNP documented by the Human Population Genetics Laboratory at Stanford University, which uses the letter M. SNPs are mutations from the original and happen on the blocks of the trunk of the Y chromosome and happen much less frequently than STRs. From father to son hardly one SNP happen on all the Y chromosome trunk. A random SNP happens on average every two to three generations
United States - African ancestry
Y-DNA and mtDNA testing may be able to determine with which peoples in present-day Africa a person shares a direct line of part of his or her ancestry, but patterns of historic migration and historical events cloud the tracing of ancestral groups. Testing company African Ancestry[18] maintains an "African Lineage Database" of African lineages from 30 countries and over 160 ethnic groups. Due to joint long histories in the US, approximately 30% of African American males have a European Y-Chromosome haplogroup[19] Approximately 58% of African Americans have the equivalent of one great-grandparent (12.5 percent) of European ancestry. Only about 5% have the equivalent of one great-grandparent of Native American ancestry. By the early 19th century, substantial families of Free Persons of Color had been established in the Chesapeake Bay area who were descended from people free during the colonial period; most of those have been documented as descended from white men and African women (servant, slave or free). Over time various groups married more within mixed-race, black or white communities.
According to authorities like Salas, nearly three-quarters of the ancestors of African Americans taken in slavery came from regions of West Africa. The African-American movement to discover and identify with ancestral tribes has burgeoned since DNA testing became available. Often members of African-American churches take the test as groups.[citation needed] African Americans cannot easily trace their ancestry during the years of slavery through surname research, census and property records, and other traditional means. Genealogical DNA testing may provide a tie to regional African heritage.
Through various family gatherings we are able to put together the pieces of our heritage into some cohesive narrative. We are grateful for Yvette Miller, a Red Cross physician, who shares our common Patriarch for initiating the genetic blood test. John Faison Jr was our oldest living male relative in 2005. We collected his blood for the DNA test. His blood line represented both the Faison and Sharpe Genealogy. John’s mother was the niece of Malachi Sharp.
Malachi is the father of the Sharpe families. We were able to gather a genetic profile which links us to the Bylanta people of Cameroon and the Tucar tribe of Guinea. We may not be able to trace our passage through the Atlantic to a specific year or landing on these shores . We do.
Life In rural eastern North Carolina did not change much after June tenth 1865. There was Cotton to pick, Tobacco to cure, peanuts to stack. So for the Faison family share cropping became an alternative to freedom with nowhere to go. Joe’s sons and daughters found labor and reward. Betty Sue was born 1883 a beautiful girl with long black hair E.T. Faison recalls. She remained and old made with quaint ways. My mother recalls Ant Sue was an avid reader. She wore her shoes on the right foot on e week and then reversed the order, so she would not run them over. Maymie, my mother spent lots of time with Aunt Sue, she outlived Aggie. There was a distinct flavor of gratitude and a pleasant disposition demonstrated through our family. There is a little song Aunt Sue would sing, “ every time I reach up I get a couple of something, pull it down and put it in my bosom, Oh do Lawd come a little sooner than you did last night”. It was tongue and cheek about going into massas smokehouse and ripping some smoked Herring from the stach. People of that era found gardening, hunting wild game a source of their largess. Matresses made of feathers, windows of greased paper, fire places , black pots for washing clothes and cookin. They has a sustainable lifestyle inspite of adverse racial policies. They endured hardships so we could see a brighter day.
Joe’s son Fredrick served in the war in 1918. He returned home alive and made his home in Pembelton, NC. He had one daughter Effie. I remember visiting there home in the 50’s. Solomon was a burley but short man of outspoken character. He was a farmer and father of 13. Uncle John was a spiritual man with a powerful singing voice. I can close my eyes and see him gliding down the aisle shaking hands and sing in long meter ( call and response ) songs of Zion. There would not be a dry eye in the sanctuary. His 13 sons and daughters proudly share our musical heritage. John farmed also. Aggie my grandmother shared our great-grandmothers profession as Nurse Practitioner/Mid-wife. Aggie and Malachi Sharpe had 5 living children. They farmed in the shadows of Hertford County between Aulander and Saint John, NC. My grandfather Malachi Sharpe was from Poe Town just outside Aulander. My mother recalls her mother taking the wagon and sometimes being gone for days to execute her profession

Thursday, September 19, 2013

A Timeline of 1854

Jennifer Creek Let us look at the timeline of 1854 directly. the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Brown_(fugitive_slave) Newsflash: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=1gfl6rHFUuQ#t=65 • Kansas-Nebraska Act
• Ulysses Grant registered for the Army
• Lincoln made his speech in Peoria
• The fabled Train wreck at Jennifer Creek • The sinking of the SS Artic luxury ship. Through various family gatherings we are able to put together the pieces of our heritage into some cohesive narrative. We are grateful f

Friday, January 4, 2013

The Republic of Cameroon

Early inhabitants of the territory included the Sao civilisation around Lake Chad and the Baka hunter-gatherers in the southeastern rainforest. Portuguese explorers reached the coast in the 15th century and named the area Rio dos Camarões ("River of Prawns"), the name from which Cameroon derives. Fulani[5] soldiers founded the Adamawa Emirate in the north in the 19th century, and various ethnic groups of the west and northwest established powerful chiefdoms and fondoms. Cameroon became a German colony in 1884 Largest city Douala[1] Official language(s) French and English (de facto) Demonym Cameroonian Government Republic - President Paul Biya[1] - Prime Minister Philémon Yang Independence from France - Declared 1 January 1960 - Annexation of former British Cameroon 1 October 1961 Area - Total 475,442 km2 (54rd) 183,568 sq mi Population - July 2009 estimate 19,100,000 (58th) Currency Central African CFA franc (XAF) Time zone WAT (UTC+1) 1 These are the titles as given in the Constitution of the Republic of Cameroon, Article X. The French version of the song is sometimes called "Chant de Ralliement", as in National Anthems of the World, and the English version "O Cameroon, Cradle of Our Forefathers", as in DeLancey and DeLancey 61.
After World War I, the territory was divided between France and Britain as League of Nations mandates. The Union des Populations du Cameroun political party advocated independence but was outlawed by France in the 1950s. It waged war on French and UPC militant forces until 1971. In 1960, the French administered part of Cameroon became independent as the Republic of Cameroun under President Ahmadou Ahidjo. The southern part of British Cameroons merged with it in 1961 to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. The country was renamed the United Republic of Cameroon in 1972 and the Republic of Cameroon in 1984. Compared to other African countries, Cameroon enjoys relatively high political and social stability. This has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, railways, and large petroleum and timber industries. Nevertheless, large numbers of Cameroonians live in poverty as subsistence farmers. Power lies firmly in the hands of the authoritarian president since 1982, Paul Biya, and his Cameroon People's Democratic Movement party. The English speaking territories of Cameroon have grown increasingly alienated from the government, and politicians from those regions have called for greater decentralization and even the secession (for example: the Southern Cameroons National Council) of the former British-governed territories.
Phylogenetic history Main article: Conversion table for Y chromosome haplogroups Prior to 2002, there were in academic literature at least seven naming systems for the Y-Chromosome phylogenetic tree. This led to considerable confusion. In 2002, the major research groups came together and formed the Y-Chromosome Consortium (YCC). They published a joint paper that created a single new tree that all agreed to use. Later, a group of citizen scientists with an interest in population genetics and genetic genealogy formed a working group to create an amateur tree aiming at being, above all, timely. The table below brings together all of these works at the point of the landmark 2002 YCC tree. This allows a researcher reviewing older published literature to quickly move between nomenclatures.